Until recently, Java was the most preferred programming language for developing Android applications. However, Google was in the hunt for a new programming language that offered improved features and streamlined the Expert Android App Development Services to some extent.
With an intent to achieve its end, Google decided to lend its support to a new programming language- Kotlin in its Android Studio IDE. The announcement came a couple of years ago at the Google I/O 2017 Conference. However, Google officially declared Kotlin as its programming language at the Google I/O Conference in May 2019.
According to Chet Hasse, Chief Advocate Google, “Android development will become increasingly Kotlin-first. Many new Jetpack APIs and features will be offered first in Kotlin. If you’re starting a new project, you should write it in Kotlin; code is written in Kotlin often means much less code for you–less code to type, test, and maintain.”
In the last couple of years, Kotlin has become increasingly popular. According to a study, about 50% of professional Android developers have already shifted from Java to Kotlin to create new apps. Google has also said that Kotlin is the fourth most preferred programming language in the Stack Overflow Developer survey.
Reasons To Pick Android for App Development
However, before we can find out specific reasons for Kotlin’s popularity, let’s get a brief definition of the programming language.
We can define Kotlin as a statically typed cross-platform and general-purpose programming language for interoperating Java Virtual Machine (JVM) and Java. The programming language has also introduced functional features to support the JVM version of the standard library. The main purpose of unveiling Kotlin is to streamline the coding experience and enhance productivity.
Why Choose Kotlin to Develop Android Apps
If you have already migrated from Java to Kotlin, you must get familiar with the benefits of Kotlin. So, let’s take a look at how this JetBrains developed programming language is providing a satisfying experience to developers.
Kotlin is Compatible with Java
The first important point that goes in favor of Kotlin is that you can exchange it with Java. It means that if you are an Android developer, you can simultaneously work on both Kotlin and Java programming languages without any difficulty. There will be no change in the final result of the project.
And the best part of the feature is that once you compile the project, it becomes extremely difficult to distinguish between the codes written in Java and Kotlin. The application will remain the same.
Support for the Andriod Studio
You need to note that Android Studio is based on IntelliJ, which is an Integrated Development Environment (IDE) developed by JetBrains. The same company has introduced Kotlin as well. So, it is well understood that Kotlin will easily lend its support to Android Studio and both can be integrated with each other.
So, what you need to do is first plugin Kotlin for Android Studio and then configure it accordingly. The next step is that the IDE will compile and run the Kotlin code with ease. If we talk about the other advantages of Android Studio, it does simple code navigability, debugging, auto-completion, and unit testing for Kotlin. It also provides you with major Java libraries and frameworks for your projects.
You need to do Less Coding
One of the reasons why developers prefer Kotlin over Java is because it allows them to write just a few lines of code to implement the same feature. And since Kotlin requires less coding, you get concise codes. It can be seen from the viewpoint of minimizing the boilerplate code.
You can write the codes side by side in the same project. Besides, you can also easily change the Java codes to Kotlin or even re-write the codes. This saves a lot of time as you don’t have to begin the project from the start. Approximately, Kotlin reduces about 20% coding compared to Java.
Familiarity with Syntax
Kotlin is regarded as a developer-friendly language, and you won’t find the syntax of the programming language wired. Any individual from the Object-Oriented Model (OOP) domain can comfortably code using Kotlin. However, there are only subtle differences from Java such as Val Var declarations.
Kotlin is a Safe Programming Language
You will be pleased to note that Kotlin is not only easier to learn but also a safe programming language. It even allows the developers to avert mistakes such as NullPointExtensions. Therefore, being a developer, you don’t have to think much about the errors of running nullable types with Kotlin. The compiler of the programming language auto casts the errors even if you have verified it as correct.
You Can Easily Learn the Language
If you are planning to become an Android App Developer, you need to learn Kotlin and Java, but while Java is a bit tricky, Kotlin is a simple programming language. It has an intuitive and clean syntax and you can learn it within a span of a few hours only.
An Open-Source Programming Language
If you are using Kotlin to create responsive mobile applications, you don’t need to even spend a single penny to develop your app. Kotlin is a free open-source programming language and you can begin easily with Java-to-Kotlin converter. This program helps in converting your Java files into Kotlin. Also, this is a useful tool that transforms the complex coding to simpler forms without consuming time and effort.
Summing Up the Discussion
JetBrains developed Kotlin with an aim to simply develop the Android app and offer more benefits to developers. Google first decided to support it and then recently announced Kotlin as its official programming language. With easy interoperability, simple learning curve, safe, and less coding, it is one of the most chosen programming languages.
5 Reasons To Choose Kotlin For Developing An Android App